Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation and Consolidation—The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and include the accounts of the Company and all subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Prior to the Merger, the Company was historically funded as part of Landsea Holdings' treasury program. Cash and cash equivalents were primarily centrally managed through bank accounts legally owned by Landsea Holdings. Accordingly, cash and cash equivalents held by Landsea Holdings at the corporate level were not attributed to the Company for any of the periods presented prior to the Merger. Only cash amounts legally owned by entities consolidated by the Company are reflected in the consolidated balance sheets. Transfers of cash, both to and from Landsea Holdings' treasury program, were reflected as a component of additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheets and as a financing activity on the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows. As the functional departments that made up the Company were not held by a single legal entity, balances between the Company and Landsea Holdings that were not historically cash settled were included in additional paid-in capital.
Landsea Holdings holds a series of notes payable to affiliated entities of its parent. The cash Landsea Holdings received from this debt was partially utilized to fund operations of the Company. Related party interest incurred by Landsea Holdings (the “Related Party Interest”) was historically pushed down to the Company and reflected on the consolidated balance sheets of the Company, primarily in real estate inventories, and on the consolidated statements of operations in cost of sales. Refer to Note 5 - Capitalized Interest for further detail. As the Company did not guarantee the notes payable nor have any obligations to repay the notes payable, and as the notes payable will not be assigned to the Company, the notes payable do not represent a liability of the Company and accordingly have not been reflected in the consolidated balance sheets. Additionally, in connection with the Merger, LHC is precluded from repaying Landsea Holdings' notes payable to the affiliated entities of its parent. Therefore, as of January 7, 2021, the Related Party Interest is no longer pushed down to LHC.
During the periods presented in the consolidated financial statements prior to the Merger, the Company was included in the consolidated U.S. federal, and certain state and local, income tax returns filed by Landsea Holdings, where applicable. Income tax expense and other income tax related information contained in these consolidated financial statements are presented on a separate return basis as if the Company had filed its own tax returns. Additionally, certain tax attributes such as net operating losses or credit carryforwards are presented on a separate return basis, and accordingly, may differ in the future. In jurisdictions where the Company has been included in the tax returns filed by Landsea Holdings, any income tax payables or receivables resulting from the related income tax provisions have been reflected in the consolidated balance sheets and the effect of the push down is reflected within additional paid-in capital.
Management of the Company believes that the assumptions underlying the consolidated financial statements reasonably reflect the utilization of services provided or benefit received by the Company during the periods presented. Nevertheless, the consolidated financial statements may not be indicative of the Company’s future performance and therefore periods prior to the Merger do not necessarily reflect the results of operations, financial position, or cash flows of the Company if it had been an independent entity during those periods.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Current Report on Form 8-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on March 12, 2021. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring entries) necessary for the fair statement of our results for the interim periods presented. Results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year due to seasonal variations and other factors.
Use of Estimates—The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
Warrant liability—The Company’s outstanding Private Placement Warrants are presented on the consolidated balance sheets as a liability recorded at fair value with subsequent changes in fair value recognized in the consolidated statement of operations at each reporting date as a gain (loss) on remeasurement of the warrant liability. Each Private Placement Warrant is exercisable at $11.50 into one share of common stock. The Warrants will expire five years after the completion of the Merger or earlier upon redemption or liquidation. Refer to Note 16 - Stockholders' Equity for additional information on the Warrants. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants is determined by a Black-Scholes options pricing model which includes Level 3 inputs as discussed further in Note 14 - Fair Value.
Lot Sales and Other Revenue and Profit Recognition
Revenues from lot sales and other revenue are recorded and a profit is recognized when performance obligations are satisfied, which includes transferring a promised good or service to a customer. Lot sales and other revenue is recognized when all conditions of escrow are met, including delivery of the real estate asset in the agreed-upon condition, passage of title, receipt of appropriate consideration, and collection of associated receivables, if any, is probable, and other applicable criteria are met. Based upon the terms of the agreement, when it is determined that the performance obligation is not satisfied, the sale and the related profit are deferred for recognition in future periods.
Under the terms of certain lot sale and other contracts, the Company is obligated to perform certain development activities after the close of escrow. Due to this continuing involvement, the Company recognizes lot sales and other revenue under the percentage-of-completion method, whereby revenue is recognized in proportion to total costs incurred divided by total costs expected to be incurred. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $0.6 million deferred revenue from lot sales and other revenue. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had no deferred revenue. The Company recognizes these amounts as development progresses and the related performance obligations are completed. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had contract assets of $2.4 million from lot sales and other contracts. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had no contract asset balance. The contract asset balance represents cash to be received for work already performed on lot sale and other contracts. The amount of the transaction price for lot sales and other contracts allocated to performance obligations that were unsatisfied, or partially unsatisfied, as of September 30, 2021 was $15.2 million. There was no outstanding amount related to unsatisfied performance obligations as of December 31, 2020.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted the amendments in this update on January 1, 2021. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-01, Investments - Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivative and Hedging (Topic 815). ASU 2020-01 clarifies the interaction of the accounting for equity securities under Topic 321 and investments accounted for under the equity method of accounting in Topic 323 and the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options accounted for under Topic 815. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the amendments in this update on January 1, 2021. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform, particularly the cessation of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"), on financial reporting. ASU 2020-04 is effective upon issuance, and the provisions generally can be applied prospectively as of January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2022. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope, which refines the scope of Topic 848 and clarifies some of its guidance. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In May 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt—Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), which provides clarity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (for example, warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. Particularly, the update states that an entity should treat a modification of the terms or conditions or an exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that remains equity classified after modification or exchange as an exchange of the original instrument for a new instrument. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with early adoption permitted. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef